Wisdom tooth cyst; symptoms and removal

Wisdom tooth cyst; symptoms and removal

A wisdom tooth cyst is a fairly common disease that can occur due to trauma, difficult eruption, neglected or poorly treated caries. The danger of a cyst is that it does not manifest itself for a long time and can grow to an impressive size, causing complications. Let's see what is the peculiarity of the cyst under the "eight" and whether it can be cured without losing a tooth.

The content of the article
Is there a cyst at the root of a wisdom tooth?
Cyst after wisdom tooth extraction
Symptoms of a wisdom tooth cyst
Wisdom tooth cyst - what to do?
Removal of a wisdom tooth with a cyst

Is there a cyst at the root of a wisdom tooth?

A cyst is a cavity filled with fluid or pus that forms primarily at the apex of the root. It can affect any tooth, including the wisdom tooth. Moreover, due to its location and growth characteristics, it is more likely than others to be susceptible to cystic disease. In about 40% of cases, the "eights" remain completely or partially impacted and grow inside soft tissues. This is one of the main reasons for the development of neoplasms. Experts distinguish a separate subspecies of it, which is called "follicular cyst of the wisdom tooth": it appears on the gum around the unerupted tooth and grows very quickly.


The cyst under the upper wisdom teeth will progress faster than under the lower ones. This is because the bone in the upper jaw is more porous, making it easier for infections to spread.

Cyst after wisdom tooth extraction

Cystic lesions can occur not only at the root of the tooth, but also in the gum after its removal. This phenomenon, unfortunately, is not uncommon, since it is a protective reaction of the body to tissue damage. The reason may be:

unprofessional surgeon during the extraction operation (for example, untimely removal of a cotton swab);
use of non-sterile equipment;
the so-called "dry hole";

ignoring the doctor's recommendations on behavior in the postoperative period, rinsing the wound with decoctions of herbs, early interruption of the course of antibiotics, and much more.

However, even if all the conditions were met, a cyst on the gum after the removal of a wisdom tooth may still appear. To prevent the development of education, the doctor prescribes antibiotic therapy after extraction.

What does a cyst look like after a wisdom tooth extraction? It has the form of a capsule with a diameter of about 0.5 - 0.8 millimeters. Experts recommend getting rid of it immediately after detection, since it can rapidly increase in size.

Symptoms of a wisdom tooth cyst

The peculiarity of the neoplasm under the "eight" is that the disease is asymptomatic for a long time. The patient does not experience pain or discomfort and does not even know about his condition. A cyst under a wisdom tooth can be detected on an orthopantomogram or on an X-ray, and often this happens by accident.

However, under the influence of certain factors, for example, SARS or severe stress, an exacerbation begins. The cavity of the cyst is filled with pus, the following symptoms appear:

moderate or sharp pain with pressure on the gums;
swelling, swelling of the face;
swollen lymph nodes;
increased body temperature;
general weakness.

Over time, the disease gives complications and can flow into periostitis (flux), osteomyelitis and even sinusitis. There is also a possibility of deformation of the dentition and the development of facial asymmetry.

Wisdom tooth cyst - what to do?

Conservative treatment of cysts has not confirmed its effectiveness and is practiced only in a limited number of cases. For example, when surgery is temporarily contraindicated: during pregnancy and lactation, after severe illnesses and operations. Physiotherapy helps to temporarily stop the spread of the infection, but is not able to cope with the cyst completely and permanently.

The only effective way to treat a cyst is surgery. The affected wisdom tooth is not saved. As a rule, this does not make sense, because the "eights" do not play a key role in the chewing process. The therapy will be too complicated, time-consuming and expensive, since teeth rarely retain their integrity when a neoplasm is removed. Access to the last molar is difficult, and if it is dystopic or partially impacted, sooner or later it will still require extraction. The fact that patients most often find a cyst too late, when it is no longer possible to save a tooth, plays a role.

Removal of a wisdom tooth with a cyst

To get rid of a tooth with cystic lesion, an operation is prescribed. It is performed under local anesthesia and is accompanied by anesthesia only in difficult cases. The surgeon cuts the gum, folds back the flap, and separates the bone fragment near the cyst. It then removes the growth and surrounding tissue affected by the infection. As for the tooth itself, the way to remove it depends on the situation: if it is impacted, then the doctor can extract it in parts. When the operation is over, the hole is thoroughly washed and processed to remove the foci of inflammation. Bone and soft tissues return to their place, the gums are sutured.

After a patient has a tooth with a cyst removed , a long recovery period follows. It can take several months, especially if the area of ​​intervention was large. It should be borne in mind that after the extraction of a tooth with a neoplasm and adjacent tissues, the hole is large, and the quality of its healing must be strictly controlled. After the operation, the doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotics and, if necessary, additional drug therapy.

Treatment of tooth cysts with folk remedies

In dentistry, there are a number of methods for painless and low-traumatic removal of cystic formation. However, some patients are still afraid to go to the clinic, pinning their hopes on treating tooth cysts with folk remedies. Read about the safety and effectiveness of home remedies in the Startsmile article.

How to identify a cyst at home?

It is rather difficult to independently identify the disease in the initial stages, since it has no obvious symptoms. How to identify a tooth cyst at home? The following signs can signal the development of pathology:

bad breath;
brown coating on the tongue;
increased salivation;
local redness on the gums.

Often, alarming symptoms of a tooth cyst occur when a significant part of the root system and bone tissue is affected. Therefore, in case of any suspicion of a disease, it is necessary to make an appointment with a doctor as soon as possible in order to avoid tooth extraction. Treatment of a tooth cyst with alternative methods also requires the mandatory consultation of a specialist.

Traditional methods of treating tooth cysts at home

What to do at home with a tooth cyst? Usually, a neoplasm occurs as a result of an infection in the canal cavity. Therefore, treatment of a tooth cyst without removal with folk remedies is aimed at eliminating the inflammatory process.

Folk remedies for tooth cysts
Herbs, due to their medicinal properties, are widely used as a folk remedy for tooth cysts. The solution disinfects tissues, relieves swelling and itching. The following plants are suitable for preparing the broth:


It is necessary to take a couple of tablespoons of any collection, pour into boiling water and leave overnight. Rinse the mouth with the prepared broth twice a day for three minutes.

Oil-based applications reduce redness, relieve pain, and eliminate bad breath. To treat a tooth cyst with folk remedies, you can use the following oils:

It is required to apply the substance to a cotton pad and apply to the affected area for fifteen minutes, then rinse your mouth with water.

> Essential oils for procedures are purchased only at the pharmacy, products from cosmetic stores cannot be used for such purposes.

Massage actions increase blood flow to tissues and promote their regeneration. Dip your finger in table salt and work your gums in a slow, circular motion. Repeat the manipulations five times a day for several minutes.

Does it make sense to treat a tooth cyst with folk remedies?

Request "How to cure a tooth cyst at home?" occurs on the Internet quite often, giving rise to myths about a miraculous cure without the help of a doctor. However, simple manipulations with the use of available products and plants will not completely eliminate the problem. Traditional methods are designed to only slightly improve the patient's well-being before the dentist's intervention - to reduce swelling, inflammation and pain. In some cases, they are completely useless. We are talking, for example, about the treatment of cysts under the crown of the tooth with folk remedies. Rinsing, compresses and massage will not bring relief, since access to the site of infection is blocked by the cement underlying the structure.

Treatment of cysts on the root of the tooth with folk remedies without the participation of a specialist is fraught with dangerous complications. At the later stages of the purulent-inflammatory process, the patient risks losing not only the affected tooth, but also the neighboring “neighbors”. An even more terrible outcome is blood poisoning with a fatal outcome in 50% of cases.