Increased sensitivity of the teeth. Prevention and treatment
Research results have shown that tooth sensitivity ( hypersthesia ) occurs in almost 40% of people. It presents with sudden, stabbing pain when eating cold, hot, sweet, or sour foods. Hypersthesia can occur in any person, regardless of gender and age. In this article, we will talk about the prevention and treatment of tooth sensitivity.
Why does tooth sensitivity appear?
The increased sensitivity is due to the weakening of the enamel layer that covers the outside of the teeth and protects them from thermal or chemical factors. If the enamel is weakened and thinner than usual, then external irritants reach the pulp of the tooth, irritating it, and this causes discomfort.
What causes tooth enamel to deteriorate?
Despite the fact that enamel is the hardest tissue in the human body, it is constantly exposed to various types of damage. This, in turn, affects the health of the teeth and their resistance to decay.
Enamel can be adversely affected by:
Drinking a large number of colored carbonated drinks containing enamel-damaging acids;
Brushing your teeth immediately after consuming acidic vegetables and fruits (the acids they contain soften the enamel, and brushing does them even more harm);
Improper diet, rich in foods containing a large amount of carbohydrates. Sweet dishes are especially harmful to the enamel; Gastric reflux, the acids of which soften the enamel;
Improper oral hygiene - too harsh brushing with stiff bristles, as well as a paste with a high degree of abrasiveness;
Bruxism (teeth grinding) - causes excessive abrasion of the enamel mainly on the surfaces of the chewing teeth.
Symptoms of hypersthesia
The symptoms of dental hypersensitivity are quite common and can be difficult to confuse with another disease. Most patients initially complain of pain when consuming sour, sweet, cold and hot foods and drinks. Pain also occurs when brushing teeth or inhaling cold air. Initially, the symptoms of tooth sensitivity are subtle and appear from time to time. As the enamel weakened, they become more frequent and sharp.
Home treatment of dental hypersensitivity
The most important element of preventing tooth sensitivity is taking care of the correct condition of the enamel. For brushing your teeth, choose soft bristled brushes and low abrasive toothpastes. In pharmacies you can find special toothpastes for sensitive teeth. They contain substances that protect teeth from external irritants.
If the enamel is damaged by an illness such as stomach reflux or bruxism, treatment should be started.
Tooth hypersensitivity and diet
Many people do not know that diet is very important in preventing tooth sensitivity. There is a group of foods rich in acids, the use of which causes softening of the enamel. Basically, these are colored sodas and juices from sour vegetables and fruits. And if it is better to exclude carbonated drinks from your diet, then you should not give up juices, because they contain many valuable vitamins and microelements. Therefore, we advise you to drink juices through a straw, as this limits the contact of acids with the surface of the teeth. Immediately after drinking the juice, rinse your mouth with water, this will neutralize the acid reaction. You can brush your teeth no earlier than 30 minutes after eating acidic foods. Softened enamel can be damaged even more during cleaning.
Treatment of dental hypersensitivity in dentistry
Enamel strengthening can also be carried out in a dental clinic using special preparations containing fluoride in a certain concentration. Fluoridation (covering teeth with fluoride varnish) strengthens the enamel and makes it more resistant to harmful acids.