Pain in the gums: causes, prevention treatment, and relief
Gum pain is a common condition that affects all people, regardless of age. Inflammation can be accompanied by swelling, tenderness, and even bleeding. Ignoring this ailment can lead to severe periodontitis and even tooth loss. What are the causes of gum pain and what can be done to relieve it?
Why do gums hurt? Causes
The gum is soft tissue and is attached to the roots of teeth firmly and fills in the spaces between the teeth. It has a light pink color and is part of the oral mucosa. Healthy gums do not bleed when you eat solid foods and brush your teeth, but they are prone to mechanical damage. Temporary gum pain or single bleeding is not a cause for concern, however, a recurrence of these symptoms is an indication for visiting the dentist's office.
The most common causes of gum pain are:
Pain in the gums is relatively common, and the causes can vary.
Poor oral hygiene. Improper or inadequate brushing of teeth contributes to the formation of plaque and tartar. plaque and calculus (cement-like deposits) contain germs that produce toxic chemicals continuously. Because of this, the periodontal tissues become inflamed (swollen), the gums turn red and painful.
Very often, gum pain occurs in children who carelessly brush their teeth or refuse to do it at all. But even among adults, there are those who have gum pain precisely because of the lack of oral hygiene. If pain, swelling, redness, and increased sensitivity to touch occur, then gingivitis is likely to develop. Persistent inflammation can develop into periodontitis which results in weakness of tooth-supporting tissues and tooth loss.
Taking certain medications. Some drugs (such as antiepileptic drugs and immunosuppressive drugs) can cause drug-induced gingival hyperplasia. It manifests itself in pain, redness, and bleeding, and swollen gum.
Mechanical injury. Injuries can occur if you brush your teeth too vigorously, or eat solid or hot foods. Inflammation can be triggered by poorly fitted dentures. They can press too hard on the gums or, conversely, slip. If proper relief is not given this causes gum injury. such an area becomes an ideal place for the accumulation of food debris. This leads to a simple path for bacteria growth and the development of painful inflammation.
Nutrient deficiency. Lack of vitamins and other micro-and macroelements affects the condition of the whole organism, including the condition of the gums. Recurrent gingivitis (gum inflammation) may be due to vitamin C deficiency.
Smoking. People with tobacco addiction are more likely to complain of gum pain and irritation.
Various diseases. For example bacterial, viral and fungal infections, diabetes, leukemia, periodontitis, chickenpox, herpes, caries complications, anorexia, and bulimia.
Gum pain during pregnancy
Gum pain during pregnancy is a common condition caused by hormonal changes in a woman's body. The action of estrogen and progesterone makes the gums more susceptible to any infection. Therefore, it is extremely important to take care of dental hygiene and health both before and during pregnancy.
Pain in the gums near the tooth
Pain in the gums near the teeth and between the teeth is most often a symptom of inflammation. It can be caused by a periodontal abscess or excessive plaque build-up, which eventually turns into tartar.
Severe gum pain near the tooth can also indicate periodontitis. This disease occurs as a result of poor oral hygiene. Most often it occurs in men over 40 years of age. Infections have a devastating effect on the tissues that hold the teeth, so after a while, they begin to loosen and fall out. It is necessary to quickly begin treatment recommended by a specialist. Also, pain in the gums appears before a new tooth erupts. The emergence of wisdom teeth can be a very painful process.
What to do if the gum hurts? Home treatment.
If gum pain is intermittent, you can treat it at home.
The best relief can be expected with simple saltwater if done few times a day. Useful rinses based on popular herbs - chamomile, sage. They have anti-inflammatory and astringent properties that can relieve pain symptoms. Rinsing can be done 2-3 times a day.
You can also rinse with hydrogen peroxide. Two tablespoons of 3% hydrogen peroxide should be mixed with a glass of water and used as a mouthwash. patient can fel relief aftr few rinses
If gum pain is due to mechanical injury and swelling occurs, you can help yourself with a cold compress. Wrap the ice in a cloth and place it on the sore spot.
Treatment of gums at home is possible, but only in the initial stages of the development of the disease. If the gum is swollen and painful, it is best to see a doctor immediately. Only a dentist can determine the cause of the disease and prescribe the correct medications.
In mild cases, the doctor may prescribe home treatment for gum disease: rinsing, special cleaning, ointments and gels, medicinal decoctions. In any case, therapy - even prevention - should be supervised by a specialist!
Home gum treatment
How to treat inflammation? There are many home treatments for gum disease. Dentists usually recommend anti-inflammatory antiseptic drugs. The optimal treatment regimen is prescribed by the dentist after diagnosis. Consider the most effective therapy options.
Rinsing with solutions
Rinsing with special solutions helps to quickly get relief from pain and stop inflammatory processes in soft tissues. The compositions of the solutions disinfect the gum surface, destroying pathogenic bacteria. It is necessary to rinse the gums after each meal, 2 to 4 times a day for proper relief. Some drugs of this group are used in pure form, others must be diluted in water.
To address the treatment of sore gums, dentists usually prescribe the following solutions:
The listed medicines are usually used to prevent diseases of the oral cavity, relieve pain and reduce inflammation, but do not belong to independent means of treatment. Therefore, rinsing is usually prescribed in combination with other procedures.
Healing ointments and gels
For the relief of pain in the gums at home, you can use local remedies: ointments and gels with an antiseptic effect. They enhance the effect of rinsing, complement other types of treatment. These tools include:
Metrogyl Denta is an antimicrobial drug based on two antibacterial components: chlorhexidine and metronidazole;
Parodontocyte - contains extracts of medicinal plants: mint, sage, cloves and oregano;
Gengigel - contains hyaluronic acid, promotes tissue regeneration;
Stomatofit A - gives an analgesic effect, is used for quick relief and long-term therapeutic effects;
Cholisal - used for local anesthesia, which relieve pain very quickly and has an antimicrobial effect; Asepta - propolis-based balm with a wound-healing effect, helps to fight bleeding and relieve pain;
Solcoseryl is a strong anesthetic that promotes the early recovery of the mucous membrane;
Dental - relieves swelling, eliminates pain;
Revive - restores calcium levels, makes tooth enamel stronger.
All ointments and gels form a protective film on the surface of the mucous membranes, which gives a long-lasting effect.
For sore gums, special toothpastes should be used. These are pharmaceutical products made on the basis of extracts of medicinal herbs and medicinal plants. Such pastes are used strictly according to the doctor's prescription, applied to the teeth and gums. Treatment is carried out in courses, no more than 1 month each, after which a break is taken.
They are prescribed in complicated and advanced cases when other methods of treatment do not work. Antibiotics are prescribed by the attending physician, based on the etymology of the disease. It is forbidden to take drugs of this group on your own. Self-medication can worsen the patient's condition, often causing side effects.
The maximum effect of treating the gums with antibiotics can be achieved only in combination, combining medications with irrigators, gels and rinsing.
Vitamin complexes are an auxiliary therapeutic technique that complements other methods of treatment. They make up for the lack of useful enzymes in the body, which are necessary for strengthening the tooth enamel and soft tissues. With inflammation and bleeding of the gums, vitamins of the groups are usually prescribed: A, B, C, K, E, PP.
What to do if the gum is sore and sore? How to treat gum disease at home if there is no pharmacy nearby and you can't go to the doctor? In an emergency, you can use medicinal decoctions, rinses, which have an anti-inflammatory and healing effect:
Sage - application: a spoonful of dry inflorescences in a glass of boiling water;
Calendula - brew a teaspoon in 200 ml of water, leave for half an hour; Oak bark - boil 2 tablespoons in 0.5 liters of water, let stand for 10 minutes, then strain through cheesecloth;
Yarrow - 2 tablespoons of flowers are added to 0.5 liters of water, boiled for 15 minutes, then cooled;
Chamomile - 1 tablespoon per 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 40 minutes. Rinses are performed 3-6 times a day, usually after a meal.
Also, rinse your mouth if the gums are swollen with propolis. As a multicomponent substance containing biologically active compounds with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, it can serve as a potential chemotherapeutic, chemopreventive and antitumor agent. To prepare a rinse solution, take 20 drops of propolis alcohol tincture and mix with 200 mi of pure water, rinse your mouth two to three times a day.
Permanent treatment of sore gums with home remedies is carried out only with the permission of the attending physician. Not all folk remedies can be combined with drugs, therefore, such therapy on a long-term basis is carried out strictly on an individual basis.
Effective home treatment for sore gums
The most effective way to get rid of inflammation is through a comprehensive treatment under the supervision of a qualified specialist. The doctor prescribes medications depending on the stage of the disease, gives recommendations for additional and preventive care of the oral cavity.
Self-medication often provokes unwanted complications, which can result in tooth loss or surgery. It is necessary to consult a dentist in case of severe pain, bleeding and swelling of the gums, and the appearance of abscesses.
You can use only prophylactic agents on your own: irrigators , gels and rinsing solutions. Timely prevention will prevent gum disease and keep your teeth healthy!
How to prevent gum pain?
Proper oral hygiene can save us from gum pain and its unpleasant consequences. Therefore, we must brush our teeth at least twice a day to get rid of the accumulated deposits. It is also important to thoroughly floss the interdental spaces and use a mouthwash. In addition, you should visit your dentist regularly to detect any diseases at an early stage.
You should also pay attention to your diet. The daily diet should provide the body with all vitamins and nutrients. Particular attention should be paid to foods with vitamin C. Good sources of this vitamin are not only citrus fruits, but also parsley, black currant, kiwi, and strawberries.
If the pain in the gums is persistent and other signs of inflammation are noticeable, home treatments will not help, you should contact your dentist.