Dental Implant| The second natural tooth
Dental implantation is a modern method of restoring the dentition. To install a tooth implant, you need to carry out a whole range of procedures - from increasing the volume of bone tissue (if there is not enough bone to install the implant) and installing an artificial metal root, to subsequent prosthetics. Dental implantation is a long procedure that requires patience from the patient. However, the result is worth it despite the cost of installing the implant - artificial teeth that fit perfectly into the rest of the dentition and perform all the functions of natural living teeth.
WHAT DOES DENTAL IMPLANTATION CONSIST OF?
The artificial tooth itself, which is installed in place of the natural one, consists of three main parts: implant, artificial implant, dental restorationimplant or implant - an artificial dental root made of titanium - the first metal biocompatible with the human body. The implant has the shape of a root and outwardly resembles a regular threaded screw (depending on the indications, implants of a different shape can be used) and is located in the bone tissue, that is, it is completely hidden from the eyes
abutment - a link between the implant and the prosthesis
denture - it can be a single dental crown, removable or permanent denture that replaces the apex of the teeth.
Advantages of dental implants:
complete restoration of the tooth structure
any loads on the implants are possible
reliable fixation of any dentures - removable or permanent
preservation of bone tissue
minimal risk of implant rejection
STAGES OF CLASSICAL DENTAL IMPLANTATION
The classical installation of a tooth implant has a history of 40 years. This method uses standard root implants in the form of screws, varying in diameter and length. With classical implantation, a certain amount of bone tissue is required by volume in order for the implant to be securely fixed in the bone.
Classical implantation lasts from 3-6 months, which are required for the implants to take root - only after that they can be maximally loaded by installing prostheses.
studying the state of bone tissue, treating teeth and gums, drawing up a treatment plan, choosing implants and future prostheses
direct implant placement:
implant placement, engraftment, abutment placement dental prosthetics: manufacturing and installation of prostheses
PREPARATORY STAGE OF CLASSICAL DENTAL IMPLANTATION
taking tests, identifying contraindications (visiting a therapist), examining bone tissue.
The doctor will need:
an orthopantomogram (a panoramic X-ray of the entire jaw, on which the doctor can detect hidden diseases),
an X-ray (an enlarged X-ray of a specific area),
CT or computed tomogram (a three-dimensional image of the jaw, which will allow you to study the condition and volume of bone tissue)
Tooth X-ray, orthopantomogram, tooth extraction, tooth pain reliefelaboration of a treatment plan self-preparation of the oral cavity for surgery, patient compliance with hygienic requirements
Preparation of the oral cavity for surgery: treatment of teeth and gums, professional cleaning and teeth whitening
choice of implants and prostheses (removable or permanent, metal-ceramic, metal-plastic or zirconium oxide, choice of the color of future artificial teeth)
if the volume of bone tissue is insufficient, it may be required to increase it
Bone Augmentation(increasing bone volume)
implantation of bone blocks: a piece of bone tissue is taken from a specific area (usually from the base of the lower jaw), which is placed under the gum in the area where the implant will be installed. Some time after the engraftment of the bone block, implantation is possible.
artificial dental prosthetics, implants, implantsbone augmentation with synthetic materials: special analogs of bone tissue are placed in the area of the future implant under the gum, which are closed with a special membrane. After a while, the bone tissue and the implanted material grow together firmly, after which the implant can be installed
sinus lift (performed only on the upper jaw): this is an operation to lift the floor of the maxillary sinus, which frees up space for bone augmentation. Closed sinus lift is a bone augmentation using synthetic materials and simultaneous implantation. Open sinus lifting is a two-stage operation - first, the bottom of the sinus is lifted, the free space is filled with bone tissue analogs, and a few months after their engraftment, implants are installed
The preparatory stage takes about a month on average. If an increase in the volume of bone tissue is required, the preparation for the operation takes 2-3 months.
INSTALLATION AND ENGRAFTMENT OF IMPLANTS
anesthesia is administered
preparatory stage of implantation, dental implantationan incision is made in the gum
with the help of special instruments, a depression is made in the bone tissue, equal to the shape of the implant
the implant is installed, a plug is placed that protects the implant from displacement
after the implant engraftment, an abutment is installed
On average, the stage of installation and engraftment of implants takes from 3 months, which are required for the implants to reliably fuse with the bone tissue and not displace under strong chewing load. To prevent the patient from walking without teeth all this time, it is possible to install removable or lightweight plastic prostheses after fixing the abutments.
PROSTHETICS FOR CLASSICAL DENTAL IMPLANTATION
after the installation of the abutments, an impression of the jaw is taken, according to which the dental technician in the laboratory makes a denture
the prosthesis is fixed on implants using special fastening locks.
An implant is essentially an artificial tooth root on which a crown is placed. Thanks to the new method of one-stage implantation, the time of implant engraftment has been significantly reduced. Thanks to dental implantation, you will forget about the problem of missing teeth forever.
IMPLANT PLACEMENT - TITANIUM SCREW MANUFACTURING PROCESS
The titanium implant production technology is similar to the space industry. Initially, the subtleties of production were taken from here. In dentistry, the installation of an implant requires high professionalism of the specialist installing it. Otherwise, a design perfect in all respects may not take root and be rejected by the human body. Do not chase cheapness. Prices for dental implants are approximately in the same range. You should be alarmed by the excessively low cost of the implant. Or we are talking about a clever advertising move, when the full price of the installation is announced after the procedure. Or there is another catch, which may be the poor quality of the implant, the dubious channel of its production, or the low qualifications of personnel who have not yet developed their own practice.
The placement of the implant should take place without much discomfort for the patient. The doctor uses modern pain relievers, blocks pain symptoms as reliably as possible. The titanium screw must firmly enter the bone tissue, connect with it for successful and fast osseointegration. The adjacent teeth and their root system should not be damaged. Today the price of dental implants is high, since the method is recognized as the most perfect in restoring the integrity of the rows.
The surface of the screw is profiled, titanium is applied to it by plasma technology. This means that on the surface of the artificial root, upon detailed examination, microscopic pores, irregularities and a kind of roughness will be noticeable. Thanks to these gaps, the installation of the implant takes place with a strong adhesion and allows to achieve operative fusion of the root with the bone tissue.
Coating is not the only technique used in the manufacture of structures. The root model is constructed using detailed mathematical calculations that take into account the tension in the bone during chewing. Regardless of which implants are involved, the screw ideally replaces the lost tooth aesthetically and functionally. A dental implant is being installed for a long time. Subject to the recommendations of the doctor, he serves for life, without loosening or deforming.
INSTALLATION OF A TOOTH IMPLANT - BRIEFLY ABOUT THE PROSTHETICS PROCESS
If we consider prosthetics as a sequential implementation of certain stages by the doctor, then the installation of a tooth implant takes place in several steps:
The implantologist drives the screw into the jawbone using special instruments;
The implant embedded in the bone grows together with it, becomes part of it. The procedure takes up to six months.
The prosthesis is installed on the screw, the connection is achieved through the abutment - a special rod embedded in the root. dental implant price
Considering the types and prices of dental implants on the websites of dental clinics, do not trust the indicated cost. Come to a consultative appointment with an implantologist to find out the exact amount of installation of the structure, the timing of the procedure and much more It is quite possible that when examining the oral cavity, the doctor will recommend sanitizing, correcting the occlusion with orthodontic appliances. There are many techniques for correcting the shape and position of teeth. It can be a modern bracket system made of metal, ceramics, zirconium dioxide. Choose the vestibular type of construction when braces are located on the frontal zone of the teeth, or lingual systems located behind the rows. If aesthetics are most important, then opt for Invisalign aligners. (Invisalign), which are completely invisible on the teeth during treatment. There are really many options, so it's not difficult to determine the right one.