Emergency toothache relief at home, Remedies & Medicine| Causes of toothache

Emergency toothache relief at home, Remedies & Medicine

Pulpitis and several other conditions can cause emergency toothache needing immediate relief. Only a dentist can provide radical help in this case. The only thing that can be done at home is to relieve the sharp pain that interferes with eating, sleeping, and doing business.

You can relieve acute toothache briefly with home remedies clove or clove oil, garlic paste, ginger powder and gentle cooling. Cold compresses or an ice pack in a towel are sufficient as coolants. You should avoid cooling down too much as this could exacerbate the pain.

If severe toothache cannot be relieved easily, a pain reliever can be taken for a short time. Going to the doctor is inevitable in the event of severe and prolonged pain to clarify the cause of the toothache. If you have severe pain on the weekend or in the evening, you can find help at the dental emergency service. You should also visit a dentist if the pain has subsided in the meantime because if the cause persists, a renewed toothache can also be expected.

Emergency toothache relief home remedies for Endodontic pain

Ice for toothache relief.
Ice is not only effective for blunt injuries, cooling with ice can also relieve severe pain in the mouth area and thus provide help quickly. To do this, wrap ice in a cloth and press it on the painful area.

If you do not have any ice, you can alternatively fill a glass with ice-cold water and press it gently on the painful area. This relieves the blood flow and the cold creates a kind of numbness. However, here the pain is only relieved for a very short time. Heat should be avoided with toothache, as it usually increases the pain.

This home remedy for toothache is less suitable for a tooth that is already sensitive to cold.

Massage ice on your hand. It can relieve up to 50% pain when a tooth hurts. Rub an ice cube over the V-shaped area where the bones of your thumb and index finger meet.

Gently press the ice on this area in jerks for 5-7 minutes. The action of this procedure is based on the fact that during friction, impulses are sent along the nerve pathways, along which toothache is normally transmitted. Since these pathways can only carry one signal at a time, friction displaces the pain.

Clove for toothache
If the toothache occurs at a particular point, the clove can be used as a home remedy for toothache. You can find cloves in the spice section of your supermarket.

To do this, take a whole clove in your mouth and bite the clove at the painful area. This releases a pain reliever called eugenol. Eugenol is a natural anesthetic and can numb and reduce pain to relieve a toothache. This substance is also found in dental dressing and medicines and is used to treat periodontal disease.

Research studies show eugenol more effective in reducing pain and swelling by its analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects. The efficacy of clove gel has also been tested and found similar to benzocaine gel for relieving pain.

Clove for toothache can also be used by making a paste out of ground cloves and adding a few drops of olive oil. Apply this paste directly onto the tooth.

Alternatively, you can use clove oil for toothache emergency relief. To do this, dab the oil on the affected area or use a mouthwash containing clove oil. This method is best for emergency toothache relief for nerve exposure pain.

How to use clove oil for toothache?
In principle, pure clove bud oil is recommended for therapeutic use of clove oil. It is milder than the leaf or stem oil or blends.

For acute toothache, there are two easy ways to apply the essential oil of clove to the affected area. Soak a cotton swab in water (for the correct dilution) and then drip one or two drops of the essential oil on it. Then you brush the affected tooth with the oil.

The second option is to drizzle a cotton ball soaked in water with one or two drops of essential clove oil and then bite it with the sore tooth. With both methods, the analgesic effect sets in after two to seven minutes.

The advantage of using essential oil instead of a clove is the possibility that the oil can be brought to the painful area more directly and in a more concentrated manner. When biting a clove, a large part of the oil contained in the clove gets into the oral cavity and cannot act on the spot and the time until the dentist's appointment can be bridged without “artificial” medication.

How does clove oil work against toothache?
The main ingredient in the oil, eugenol, is responsible for the good effect of clove oil on tooth problems, gingivitis and periodontitis.

Eugenol is a phenylprobanoid that has a very strong antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect. Eugenol is said to change the exchange of substances such as calcium within the cells by acting directly on the cell walls, whereby the numbing and pain-relieving effect occurs.

Do not use clove oil for toothache during pregnancy
The use of clove essential oil is contraindicated during pregnancy. Clove oil has a toning effect on the uterus and promotes labor. Pregnant women with toothache or paradontis should definitely discuss the treatment of pain and inflammation with their dentist.

Clove oil for toothache in children
Clove essential oil should also not be used in younger children. In older children from around the age of ten, essential oil of clove can be used in an adapted lower dosage.

You can also use a cold compress to activate the release of exudate and relieve toothache. A mixture consisting of the following ingredients is applied to the napkin to the affected tooth:

garlic (gruel);
salt (best of all, sea salt, but if it is not at hand, you can use classic table salt).

Saline solution for Toothache
A homemade saline solution is very easy to make and a proven remedy for toothache. To do this, dissolve about a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water. This solution is not to drink, but left in the mouth for a maximum of 2 minutes and then rinsed out.

The salt has a healing effect as it draws bacteria from the infected area and relieves uncomfortable tension in the soft tissue.

Emergency toothache relief at home garlic powder
For thousands of years, garlic has been recognized and used for its medicinal properties. Not only can it kill the harmful bacteria that cause dental plaque, but it can also act as a pain reliever.

To use garlic powder for toothache, It is mixed in any oil or water to make a paste and apply to the tooth and the gums around. Garlic is considered a rejuvenator. It helps to remove toxins, revitalizes the blood, and stimulates blood circulation.

Garlic is a powerful anti-infective It also has anti-inflammatory and anesthetic properties.Crush 1 to 2 garlic cloves to make a paste Apply this to the painful tooth for 3 to 5 minutes. After application, spit out the paste. Repeat the application several times during the day. You can add a tiny bit of salt.

Alternatively, you can slowly chew a fresh garlic clove.This remedy is not recommended for people sensitive to garlic or whose mucous membranes are fragile and easily irritated.

Ginger for toothache pain
Ginger has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and antibacterial effects that help relieve toothache and eliminate the cause. To use Ginger for toothache mix 2 teaspoons of ground ginger with 1 teaspoon of water to obtain a consistent paste. Apply this paste on a cotton ball and apply it to the painful tooth without touching the gum.

Tea tree essential oil for toothache relief
Add 1 drop of tea tree essential oil to the toothpaste spread on the toothbrush, then rub gently on the sore area. The essential oil of tea tree has many virtues, including antiseptic and antibacterial properties.

Massage ... the ears
For those who are looking for a way to quickly relieve a toothache, massage is also recommended.
It is performed on the front surface of the ear on the side of the diseased tooth. The massage is done with the fingertips, without pressure. The movements are performed carefully and gently. First clockwise and then counterclockwise.

If it is difficult to understand which tooth hurts, or the pain falls on the front teeth, then you can simply rub the auricles. By influencing the nerve endings, you also stop the toothache.

Emergency toothache relief medicine

Take a pain reliever (ketanal, nurofen, analgin, baralgin), but do not get carried away - pain relievers in large quantities are harmful to the body. Do not take aspirin - its analgesic effect is small and you need to take it in large quantities that are unsafe for your health. It is necessary to stop taking painkillers no later than 3 hours before the visit to the doctor. this can distort the picture of the disease and complicate the diagnosis.

Ibuprofen - effective quickly against severe toothache
As an analgesic, ibuprofen has a significantly higher analgesic effect than the pain relievers ASA and paracetamol - with the same dosage. The antipyretic and anti-inflammatory properties are also stronger.

Ibuprofen also has an antispasmodic effect. The drug is suitable for the treatment of rheumatic diseases as well as for pain relief in abdominal and back pain with tension.

Diclofenac and Metamizole - two very powerful pain relievers
Diclofenac (like aspirin, paracetamol, and ibuprofen) is one of the acid-based drugs. Diclofenac is traded as a highly effective pain reliever, but is only available over the counter in very small doses and is therefore not suitable for self-medication.

Metamizole, on the other hand, is a preparation from the group of non-acidic non-opioid analgesics. It is particularly suitable for patients with sensitive stomachs, but due to the numerous side effects, it requires a prescription and cannot be sold over the counter.

Emergency toothache relief for a rotten tooth

Relieve toothache due to necrosis or dental abscess yourself
● If the cheek is swollen with severe pain, it is better to consult your dentist, because there is an infection, and without antibiotics, the toothache is not likely to subside.
● If the cheek is hot, but not swollen, ice can be applied in a washcloth to the cheek
● Take an Ibuprofen 400

Relieve teething pain
There are a few things you can do to relieve your child when baby teeth grow.
In case of wisdom teeth growth: rinse your mouth, possibly with an antiseptic mouthwash, or with lukewarm saltwater and take an analgesic.

Emergency toothache relief for child

The teething that occurs in infants can cause pain and worry parents. Learning to identify the symptoms suggestive of these relapses, which do not consist of a dental emergency, is useful, moreover in this context of an epidemic.

The child regularly puts his hands to his mouth
He has red cheeks
He has diaper rash
He has a slight fever

It is possible to massage the gums or even offer a refrigerated teething ring to relieve the child.
From the age of 6, permanent teeth begin to appear. This teething can also be the cause of pain. It is possible to relieve them with paracetamol, but if the pain persists 48 hours after taking the drug, you should contact your dentist or, failing that, the on-call service.

Toothache can occur when the nerve tissue in the tooth area is irritated by inflammation, injury, pressure, or chemical substances. In addition to the teeth themselves, diseases of the tooth-supporting system, the upper and lower jaw, or other triggers inside or outside the oral cavity can also be responsible for the sensation of pain.

Causes and Symptoms of Toothache

Toothache manifests itself in different ways: tapping, stretching, throbbing, stabbing, or a dull aching feeling. Everyone knows that toothache is one of the most unpleasant sensations in the body. Toothache occurs when the nerve endings in the teeth are irritated. The nature of the pain varies depending on the cause.

Ultimately, a toothache can also be symptomatic of several other diseases that do not arise in the oral cavity, but whose pain radiates into the jaw or teeth. If there is such a pain sensation, one speaks of " simulated toothache ". Illnesses that can be accompanied by simulated toothache are, for example, angina pectoris, shingles, heart attacks, migraines, headaches, earaches, or sinus infections.

Toothache from dental problems

The following triggers in particular (mostly as a result of poor oral hygiene):

Caries (tooth decay):
The tooth surface is covered with a thin biofilm (plaque) that is colonized by bacteria (especially Streptococcus mutans). These break down sugar molecules from food residues into acid, which attacks the tooth enamel.

If the plaque is not removed regularly, the enamel is slowly destroyed - a hole is created. In addition, food residues and bacteria can penetrate the tooth, under certain circumstances penetrate into the pulp and irritate it painfully. The affected tooth is particularly sensitive to sweet, sour, cold and warmth.

Root inflammation:
If tooth decay is not treated or treated too late, the acid-producing bacteria can trigger an inflammation of the tooth pulp (pulpitis) and also penetrate into the tooth nerve and damage it. In addition, the swollen pulp presses on the nerve. Persistent, pulsating toothache is the result.

In extreme cases, the nerve dies. The toothache will then subside, but the inflammation can spread to the tip of the root and the jawbone ( apical ostitis ). Then the affected tooth hurts when pressure is applied from above, for example when chewing.

Toothache is rarely caused by bacterial tooth root inflammation, when the jawbone has been injured or a root canal treatment has failed.

A tooth root inflammation can spread to the surrounding tissue and the jawbone and form pus collections (abscesses) there. Typical signs of this are pronounced, heated swelling and persistent toothache.

Inflammation of the gums (gingivitis):
This acute or chronic inflammation is usually caused by bacteria. The affected gums are swollen and reddened. In addition, the gums often bleed and hurt when you brush your teeth.

Inflammation of the periodontal system (periodontitis):
The periodontal system includes gums, root cement, periodontal membrane and jawbones. If these structures become inflamed, the gums may bleed and the gums may be swollen and red. It gradually withdraws, exposing the painful necks of the teeth.

The inflammation itself is also noticeable in the form of dull pain that is difficult to localize. Periodontitis destroy the jawbone in the medium term.

Tooth eruption:
If the baby teeth erupt in babies or the wisdom teeth in adults, this can also be associated with pain.

Tooth fracture:
Teeth can also break, for example due to an accident or if you bite on something hard. Like a broken arm or leg, this can be very painful.

Filled out fillings, crowns and temporaries:
Tooth restorations can fall out, for example when eating. Then the ground tooth is exposed underneath and reacts painfully to external stimuli such as food particles, liquid, pressure (when brushing your teeth) and air.

Barotrauma: Cavities, for example as a result of tooth decay or under leaky fillings and crowns, often react painfully to pressure differences. Divers are often affected, and the phenomenon occurs less often at high altitudes or when flying.

Dental treatment:
grinding the teeth to prepare fillings or crowns irritates the tooth nerve and can cause temporary pain after the treatment.

Another possible cause of toothache is pain-sensitive teeth: a cold draft of air, ice cream for dessert or the dressing in a salad often triggers a short, violent toothache in people with pain-sensitive teeth (so-called lightning pain). Behind it are mostly exposed tooth necks with unprotected dentinal tubules (for example as a result of periodontitis). Sour, sweet, cold and hot can then penetrate the dentinal tubules into the tooth nerve and irritate it.

other reasons for hypersensitive teeth:
Worn chewing surfaces, for example due to permanent incorrect stress caused by grinding teeth at night or as a result of the natural aging process.
Frequent exposure to acids (through repeated vomiting, for example in the case of bulimia , reflux disease or through frequent consumption of fruits, vegetables, salads).
Too much pressure when brushing your teeth (scrubbing).
Dental treatments such as whitening, grinding the teeth to prepare fillings or crowns
congenital tooth formation disorders

Illnesses in other parts of the body can also be the cause of toothache:

Heart attack and angina pectoris : Typical for both are severe pain behind the breastbone , which can radiate into the left shoulder, left arm and lower jaw . In the so-called Buddenbrook syndrome , a diseased tooth in the left lower jaw can lead to the actual cause of the toothache - a heart attack or an angina pectoris attack - being overlooked.

Sinusitis: The upper molars and the sinuses are close together. If the latter is inflamed, the inflammation can therefore spread to the root of the tooth and cause pain.

Shingles (herpes zoster): The rash associated with this viral disease can also appear on the face and mouth, where it can cause severe pain on the skin , mucous membranes and teeth.

Headaches and migraines: Sometimes a headache is accompanied by a toothache. Migraines, which usually occur on one side only, can also lead to it, since, which usually only affects one side of the head, can cause teeth to hurt on this side. In addition, migraineurs often suffer from phantom tooth pain. This is pain that occurs even though a sick tooth has already been extracted.

Trigeminal neuralgia: The trigeminal nerve is a facial nerve that also supplies the teeth. If it is inflamed, this also leads to severe toothache.

Earache: Ear diseases such as otitis media often radiate into the jaw and teeth.

Cysts: Cysts in the area of the jaw can also cause toothache.

Medication and radiation: Inflammation from certain medications (bisphosphonates) and radiation to the jawbone are other possible causes of toothache.

Diseases with toothach as symptom

Find out here about the diseases that can cause the symptom:
Angina pectoris
Inflammation of the gums
Periodontal disease
Altitude sickness
Chalk teeth
Root inflammation

Why dental treatment is important

Untreated dental problems keep causing pain and can even affect other areas of the body. Because the bacteria that have entered enter the bloodstream via the teeth and can lead to the rare heart valve inflammation. With chronic sources of inflammation, the risk of vascular diseases also increases in the long term. In pregnant women, the risk of miscarriage is increased by certain bacteria that cause inflammation of the gums.

Therefore, always have a toothache clarified by the dentist. A visit to the dentist is particularly urgent for:
persistent toothache, despite good and thorough oral care
Toothache that occurs suddenly at night or that gets worse and worse
Tooth discomfort with swollen gums, swelling of the mouth or face, possibly accompanied by a fever
frequently bleeding, reddened gums
Toothache when chewing

Treatment of other causes of pain

If the cause of the toothache is not in the mouth , it is advisable to consult other specialists (ENT doctor, internist, etc.). The dentist will give a patient appropriate advice depending on where he suspects the cause of the toothache.

Concomitant symptoms can also provide an indication of which specialist is responsible for clarifying the complaints (e.g. an ENT doctor for accompanying earache). This doctor can then find out the exact cause of the pain and initiate appropriate treatment (e.g. pain relievers and possibly antibiotics for otitis media).

In the event of unusually severe toothache that affects the entire lower jaw rather than a single tooth and is accompanied by unusual tightness in the chest, shortness of breath or pain up to the shoulder, please notify the emergency doctor immediately! Then a heart attack can be the cause of the toothache.

Why is a toothache dangerous?

Even if the pain itself has diminished or stopped, this does not mean that the disease has passed. It's just that the process has passed from an acute stage to a chronic one. Nerves die off, and the disease process continues, which is fraught with the development of such serious complications as abscess, phlegmon, and osteomyelitis.

Diagnosis of toothache

If you experience severe pain, see your dentist immediately. Only a specialist will be able to understand the cause of the pain and heal a bad tooth. To understand what is happening to the tooth, the doctor will definitely prescribe an X-ray or radiovisiographic study.

It is very important to distinguish acute toothache from other diseases. For example, the impression of a toothache can be created by a swelling of the jaw, inflammation of the maxillary sinus or nerves, and diseases of the central nervous system. If it's already night on the street, you can use our advice "How to urgently relieve a toothache at home", and in the morning immediately contact your dentist.

How to get rid of toothache at night?

In the middle of the night, in the absence of a dentist and pharmacy, you will have to rely only on yourself.And like most people, you do not have specific remedies for toothache, you will have to perform the following actions

Perform a lukewarm mouthwash with an antiseptic solution, such as Hextril, and gently brush the sore side of the teeth.

Apply a washcloth with ice cubes inside and apply it to the cheek on the sore side.
Take a dose of paracetamol, Efferalgan or other classic painkillers like Advil.
Crush a clove and try to apply it directly to the tooth that is causing you pain.

Many patients rely on short-term home remedies such as clove oil or herbal teas to relieve pain. The use of the pain pill is certainly part of it, but it should only be a short-term solution to be able to endure pain.

How to get rid of a toothache fast?

Just chew, place a clove or apply it crushed on the painful tooth for instant numbing action. Applying an ice pack calms the influx of pain for any toothache, and provides good relief from gas gangrene. Adults can take pain relievers. Some of them can not only relieve toothache but also have a mild anti-inflammatory effect.

How long does clove oil last for toothache?

The eugenol contained in the essential oil of Clove has a powerful analgesic action. Used locally, it will relieve pain effectively. Toothache relief with clove oil work instantly and analgesic effect last for 4 to 6 hours. Clove oil application is possible up to 5 times a day for 3 days.

If the toothache persists or it is a recurring ailment, it is strongly recommended that you consult a dentist. Toothache should not be taken lightly, the ailments very often subside only to reappear more acutely some time later.

What causes a toothache?

Causes directly related to teeth include tooth decay, pulpitis, inflammation or growth of wisdom teeth when the tooth enamel is damaged by trauma, bacteria, pressure or chemicals.

In children, toothache often occurs during teething, when teeth are knocked out of the gums.

Incorrectly adjusted braces cause unpleasant soreness in the mouth. Burning pain is common with mild gum infections. Jaw joint distortions cause severe toothache. Such displacements often make themselves felt by gnashing of teeth at night.

There are many non-dental causes of toothache: infections of the middle ear or sinuses, severe headaches such as migraines, and even narrowing of the coronary arteries - angina pectoris.

Perhaps the most common cause of toothache is tooth decay. To begin with, tooth decay only affects the enamel. However, if the tooth decay caused by bacteria progresses untreated, the dentin and tooth nerve is ultimately destroyed - a process always accompanied by toothache.

Another trigger for toothache is exposed tooth necks, which are particularly sensitive to hot, cold, or even sweet stimuli. Inflammation of individual tooth roots or root tips can also lead to toothache.

It is not always the teeth themselves that cause toothache. In the case of periodontitis, an inflammation of the tooth bed, the gums trigger the sensation of pain. The so-called “teething” in children or the eruption of wisdom teeth in adults is also perceived as painful.

Can a toothache cause a headache

Toothache can cause headache and earache as all the areas of teeth, head, and ear are supplied by branches of the same trigeminal nerve. In toothache, the trigeminal nerve can get irritated and trigger a migraine headache. The pain of back molar teeth especially lower wisdom teeth can be radiated and felt in ear and head regions.

An occlusion problem can cause the jaw to become imbalanced when chewing. This promotes deterioration as well as inflammation of the joint. If a nerve is damaged, it can cause tension headaches.

Also, if the occlusion disorder is not corrected, the muscles in that area of ​​the head may remain contracted for long periods of time. This situation can generate a lack of oxygen and an accumulation of toxic waste which will, in turn, cause circulatory disorders and therefore, pain in the head.


Den Tim
Practicing Dentistry for 20 years